Success and dropout pathways in vocational training

Presentation

Preventing Educational Dropout in Secondary Vocational Education - Palma (Mallorca) 18th and 19th December 2017

Low educational levels in Spain, particularly amongst young population, as well as the low levels of participation and qualification in Vocational Secondary Schools, make preventing dropout from these studies, a crucial issue. The data highlights the following trends:

- 42.6% of the Spanish population aged 25 to 64 (2015) have a low educational level[1], 22.4% have an intermediate education[2] and 35.1% have higher education[3]. The data referring to the European Union as a whole (EU28), indicates that 23.5% have a low educational level, 46.5% have an intermediate education, and 30.1% have a higher education.

- 65.8% of Spanish population aged 20 to 24 have intermediate or high education (2016), against the 82.2% for the EU28. The progressive analysis initiated in 2002 indicates an increase of 2.2 points in the Spanish case and of 5.4 in the EU as a whole.

- Early leaving Education and Training (ELET) rates in Spain (2016)[4] are of 19%, against the 10.7% for the EU28. The progressive analysis initiated in 2002 indicates a decrease of 11.9 points in the Spanish case and of 6.3 in the EU as a whole. The European Strategy (2020) set the common objective of reducing the rate of early leavers from education and training to 10%. In the specific case of Spain, the aspiration is less presumptuous, readjusting it to 15%.

This background illustrates the importance of Secondary Vocational Education in the increase of population with intermediate educational levels and the decrease of ELET (CEDEFOP, 2016).

Recent documents of the CEDEFOP and the OECD, place between 33.5 and 35% the percentage of students enrolled in Vocational Education and Training by the total number of upper secondary education students (Cedefop ReferNet Spain, 2015, OECD, 2017), against the 48.5% for the whole of the European Union (EU-26) (Cedefrop ReferNEt, Spain 2015) and of 46% for the average of the OECD (OECD, 2017). In addition, according to the most recent figures about educational results in Intermediate Vocational Education and Training, 50.5%[5] of students who started these studies, graduated, and 73.61%[6] of the students qualified to second year.

Within this context, it is essential to know the features that lead to educational success in students enrolled in Vocational Secondary Education, with the aim of elaborating recommendations based on evidence. This is the central aspiration of the Project: “Pathways leading to success in, or dropout from, vocational training in the education system at levels 1 and 2” (“Itinerarios de éxito y abandon en la formación profesional del Sistema educativo en nivel 1 y 2” – Ref – EDU2013-42854-R), framework of the International Workshop “Preventing Educational Dropout in Secondary Vocational Education”.

The essential objectives of this Workshop are two:

  • Communicate and debate around the results of the research project: “Pathways leading to success in, or dropout from, vocational training in the education system at levels 1 and 2”
  • Deliberate about how to prevent dropout in Secondary Vocational Education.

 

Dr. Francesca Salvà Mut

Scientific and Organising Committee Chair

 

References:

CEDEFOP (2016). Leaving education early: putting vocational education and training centre stage. Volume I: investigating causes and extent. Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop research paper; No 57.

Cedefop ReferNet Spain (2015). Spotlight on VET SPAIN 2015. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/es/publications-and-resources/publications/8104

OECD (2017). Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://www.oecd.org/edu/education-at-a-glance-19991487.htm

Salvà-Mut, F. (2017). Formació i competències del capital humà de les Illes Balears. Anuari del Treball de les Illes Balears 2016. Palma: Conselleria de Treball, Comerç i Indústria. Govern de les Illes Balears.  P.169-184

 

[1] Included in this group with low educational studies are individuals with a lower educational qualification than Upper Secondary School. In the Spanish Educational System, these are individuals that have as a maximum qualification, a degree in Obligatory Secondary Education (ESO in Spanish), or equivalent.

[2] It includes individuals with an Upper Secondary Education (Intermediate Vocational Education and Training and Advanced Secondary Education Qualification (Bachillerato) in the Spanish case), or equivalent.

[3] It includes individuals with higher qualifications: university or non-university levels.

[4] Percentage of population aged between 18 to 24 that have obtained the highest qualification in Secondary Education in First Stage or Lower Secondary (Graduated in the Obligatory Secondary Education of the Spanish Educational System), that does not include training.

[5] Percentage of students that concluded their studies on 2014 - 2015, by the total of enrolled students in the first year of these studies on 2013 - 2014. Source: Own elaboration from the data provided by: https://www.educacion.gob.es/educabase/tabla.do?sel_1=19&busc_1=&cri1=00&cri1=01&c

[6] Percentage of students that concluded their studies on 2014 – 2015, by the total of enrolled students in the second year of the same studies, during the same academic year. Source: Own elaboration form the data provided by: https://www.educacion.gob.es/educabase/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/Educacion/Alumnado/Matriculado/2014-2015RD/RGCiclosGM&file=pcaxis&l=s0